What Does Co Sleeping Mean?

Co-sleeping, often referred to as bed-sharing, is the practice where babies or young children sleep in close proximity to one or both parents, instead of in a separate room. This close sleep arrangement can entail sharing the same bed or having the child sleep in a co-sleeper—a crib or bassinet that attaches to the side of the parents’ bed. Advocates of co-sleeping believe that it can strengthen the bond between children and parents and make breastfeeding more convenient during the night. However, opinions and recommendations on co-sleeping can vary widely among parents and healthcare professionals due to safety concerns and personal preferences.

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Co-Sleeping

The Pros of Co-Sleeping

One of the main advantages of co-sleeping is the ease of breastfeeding. Having the baby within arm’s reach makes nighttime feeding simpler and allows the mother to do so without fully waking up. This can help both the mother and child return to sleep quicker. Additionally, some research suggests that it might assist in stabilizing the infant’s heartbeat and breathing, which can be particularly reassuring for parents.

Another purported benefit is that co-sleeping can help provide infants with a greater sense of security, fostering emotional bonds and potentially aiding in their overall emotional development. There is also a school of thought that children who share a bed with their parents tend to be more social and confident.

The Cons of Co-Sleeping

While co-sleeping has its advocates, there are also drawbacks to consider. The most significant concern is safety, with the American Academy of Pediatrics advising against bed-sharing due to the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and accidental suffocation. Parents are cautioned to be mindful of pillows, loose blankets, or other soft bedding that could potentially cover the baby’s face.

Co-sleeping might also affect the sleep quality of parents, especially those who are light sleepers. Some parents may experience more disturbances due to their child’s movements and awakenings during the night. Further, there can be issues surrounding intimacy for the parents and difficulty in transitioning the child to their own bed as they grow older.

Safe Co-Sleeping Practices

Parents who decide to co-sleep can take several measures to reduce the risks involved. Choosing a firm mattress, ensuring there are no spaces between the bed and wall where the baby could get trapped, and avoiding the use of heavy blankets and pillows near the baby are essential precautions. The use of safety-approved co-sleeper bassinets or cribs that attach to the parents’ bed is an alternative that can bring peace of mind while keeping the baby within reach.

Understanding Different Co-Sleeping Arrangements


Bed-sharing, the most discussed form of co-sleeping, involves the baby sharing the same sleeping surface with one or both parents. While it is practiced by many families around the world, it is often done with caution and an understanding of the safety measures that need to be in place to protect the infant.


Room-sharing is an arrangement where the child sleeps in the same room as the parents but on a separate surface, such as in a crib, bassinet, or a co-sleeper. This setup is generally considered safer by healthcare professionals and is often recommended as a way to maintain close physical proximity while mitigating the potential risks associated with bed-sharing.

Sidecar Arrangement

A sidecar arrangement refers to attaching a three-sided crib to one side of the parents’ bed, allowing for a separate but connected space for the child. This option complies with safety guidelines while fostering closeness and convenience for nighttime care.

Co-Sleeping Around the World

Cultural norms and practices regarding co-sleeping vary significantly across the globe. In many Asian, African, and Latin American cultures, co-sleeping is widely practiced and accepted as the norm for child-rearing. In contrast, Western societies tend to emphasize individual sleeping arrangements, such as having the infant in a separate nursery room. Different attitudes towards independence and family sleeping patterns significantly influence these cultural practices.

Transitioning From Co-Sleeping

When and How to Transition

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to when a child should transition from co-sleeping to sleeping independently; it largely depends on the family’s readiness and the child’s developmental stage. Most experts suggest that by the age of three, most children should be encouraged to sleep independently to foster their autonomy.

When transitioning, consistency is key. It can be helpful to establish a bedtime routine in the child’s own room to create a comforting environment. Gradual adjustments, such as spending more time in their room during the day or initially having a parent sleep nearby, can ease the shift. Patience and understanding are crucial as children adapt to the change at their own pace.

Considerations for Parents Contemplating Co-Sleeping

Assessing the Risks and Benefits

Parents considering co-sleeping should thoroughly assess both the potential benefits and risks. Consulting with a pediatrician or a sleep specialist can provide tailored advice based on the family’s circumstances and the child’s health.

Personal Preferences and Sleep Needs

The decision should also factor in the personal preferences and sleep needs of the parents. Some may find they sleep better with their child nearby, while others may need their space to get adequate rest.

Planning for the Future

It’s also wise for families to think ahead about how they will handle the eventual transition to independent sleeping. Considering the long-term implications can help in making an informed choice that aligns with the family’s goals and values.

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Finishing Thoughts

Co-sleeping is an intimate and complex topic with varying degrees of support and opposition based on safety, cultural norms, and personal choices. Understanding the different practices, and how to safely implement them, is pivotal for any family considering this option. Whether opting for bed-sharing or room-sharing, the safety and well-being of the child must always take precedence. Prioritizing informed decision-making and planning can help ensure that both parents and children benefit from whatever sleep arrangements they choose. The journey of parenting is profoundly personal, and as with all aspects of child-rearing, what works for one family may not work for another. It’s important to find a balance that promotes the best possible sleep for all involved, ensuring a happy, healthy, and well-rested household.


  • Ashton Roberts

    I love learning and sharing everything about sleep. I am one of the energetic editors here at GoodSleepHub, where I talk about how to get a better night's sleep. When I'm not writing, I'm probably walking my dog Luna or trying out new sleeping gadgets. My goal is to help you sleep easier and better. Join me, and let's find simple ways to enjoy great sleep every night!

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